Dr. Saleha Jamal

    M.Sc, Ph.D, B.Sc


    Associate Professor


    Environmental Pollution, Watershed, Aquatic Ecology, Land Change Systems,.


    Department of Geography, AMU, Aligarh





    Time TableTime Table 2021 (A) & (B)


Dr.Saleha Jamal, Associate Professor,Department of Geography, Aligarh Muslim Universitydid her B.Sc. (2006), M.Sc(2008) and Ph.D (2012) from Aligarh Muslim University. Throughout she had a brilliant academic career having obtained University Gold Medal for first position in B.Sc and M.Sc. She has been awarded with various prestigious scholarships (Post Graduate Merit Scholarship, Inspire Fellowship by DST, Government of India) and best paper presentation awards like “Young Geographer Award at Banaras Hindu University”, “Prof. N.P. Aiyyer Young Geographer Award at Punjab University”, “Nishi Gaur Young Researcher Award at DDU Gorakhpur University” and other academic awards like “Best Researcher Award at Aligarh Muslim University”etc. She specializes in the field of Environmental issues-urban, gender, health etc. She is a prolific researcher. She has published three books and various research papers in National and International journals of repute. Presently she is also working on Project awarded by IMPRESS (ICSSR).

  1. Ajmal U., Jamal S., Ahmad W. S., Ali M. A. and Ali M. B. 2021 "Waterborne diseases vulnerability analysis using Fuzzy Analytic Hierarchy Process: A case study of Azamgarh city, India" in Modeling Earth Systems and Environment, Springer Nature Sw
  2. Singh A. L., Jamal S. and Ahmad W.S. (2021) “Impact assessment of lockdown amid COVID- 19 pandemic on tourism industry of Kashmir Valley, India” in Research in Globalization, Scopus Indexed Elsevier, volume-3
  3. Jamal S., Ajmal U. and Arfeen S. (2021) “Assessment of the Impact of Industrial Effluents on surface water quality near Balotra, Rajasthan” Transactions of Institute of Indian Geographers, Scopus Indexed
  4. “Neighborhood Environmental Challenges and its impacts on the resident’s health of Azamgarh City

    The present study attempts to establish the association between neighbourhood environmental problems and health of the residents in Azamgarh City. For the purpose of study, different wards of the city are grouped into several neighbourhoods based on income wise dominance in the wards, population density and household density. The study is based on primary source of data collected through questionnaire, interviews from respondents belonging to different neighbourhoods of the city. Neighbourhood physical environmental conditions of each neighbourhood, such as water supply and quality, drainage conditions, water logging conditions, overcrowding, air and noise pollution in each neighbourhood has been examined to find major environmental challenges in the Azamgarh City. The result shows that most common environmental issues in Azamgarh City are accumulation and improper disposal of solid waste, inadequate drainage conditions and water logging, insufficient water supply, poor quality of water, overcrowding, air and noise pollution etc. Further correlation analysis reveals a positive relationship between neighbourhood environmental problem and occurrence of various diseases like malaria, typhoid, jaundice, cholera, dengue, diarrhoea and worm infestation etc.

  5. Resource Sharing, Economic Development and Resource Management”

  6. Environmental and Health Impacts from Slaughter Houses Located on the City Outskirts: A Case Study

  7. Effect of Exposure to Domestic Cooking Fuels on Asthma in Low Income Households: A case study

  8. Indoor Air Pollution: a major environmental and health challenge for women

  9. Socio-economic Dimensions of Household Fuel Choice and Indoor Air Quality: A case study

  10. Particulate Pollution inside Homes: An important cause of morbidity and mortality in India

  11. Assessing Vulnerability of Women to Indoor Air Pollution

  12. “Indoor Air Pollution: Vulnerability Of Women To Household Energy Used

  13. Indoor Air Pollution: Assessing and Mapping of Vulnerable Areas of Aligarh City for Planning

  14. Vulnerability to indoor air pollution: A case study of Aligarh city”

  15. Indoor Air Pollution:Hidden Cause of Maternal Mortality and Morbidity in India

  16. Incidence of Diseases among Residents Living Near the Municipal Landfill Site in Aligarh City

  17. Addressing the Links between Indoor Air Pollution, Household Energy and Respiratory Health of Women in Aligarh City

  18. “Effects of Indoor Air Pollution due to Domestic Cooking Fuels in the Low Income Households: A case study of Aligarh City”

  19. Assessing Land use Land Cover Dynamics of Wetland Ecosystems Using Landsat Satellite Data
  20. Assessment of Neighbourhood Environmental Quality using AHP with GIS in Azamgarh City, India
  21. SES and health; Assessing pathways and association between socio-economic status and health
  22. Residential Segregation in Urban India; Evidences from a Medium-sized City of Uttar Pradesh,
  23. Assessing the Relationship between Neighbourhood Socio-Economic Status and Environmental quality
  24. Neighbourhood Deprivation and Health; A study of low income neighbourhoods in Azamgarh city
  25. Changing land use/land cover patterns and growing human population in Wular catchment of Kashmir Valley, India
  26. Environmental Impacts of Slaughter Houses with Special Reference to India: A Review
  27. Monitoring Land Use/Land cover change detection and Urban expansion with remote sensing and GIS techniques in Anantnag District of Kashmir Valley
  28. The Fate of Kashmir Tourism during and aftermath of Political Instatbility : A Spatio-Temporal Analysis
  29. Aligarh Zile me Jal nikayon ki viluptata; EkVishesh Adhyayan’
  30. Neighbourhood Environment: Assessing and mapping of vulnerable neighbourhoods of Azamgarh City for planning
  31. Environmental sanitation and Health, A neighborhood-wise analysis in Azamgarh City
  32. Unhealthy Cooking and Prevalence of Tuberculosisin Indian Women:A Case Study

    Unhealthy cooking is one of the major cause of mortality and morbidity and a risk factor for occurrence of tuberculosis among Indian women. India is the TB burden country in the world and accounts for nearly 20 percent of global burden of tuberculosis. The present study establishes the association between unhealthy cooking conditions (use of biomass fuels/chulhas, cooking in multipurpose room, Non-ventilated kitchen, living in kutcha/semi-pucca houses) and prevalence of tuberculosis in women. This study is based on primary sources of data collected through questionnaire interviews from 2101 women respondents belonging to different income categories from Aligarh city. The study examines the socio-economic characteristics, cooking conditions, monitoring of indoor air quality of different types of kitchen locations using different types of fuels. Symptomatic linkages of tuberculosis with type of fuel use, kitchen locations and house type were analysed. The results show that the women using biomass fuels/chulhas cooking in non-ventilated kitchens and multipurpose room, living in kutcha/semi pucca houses were most prone to tuberculosis.

  33. Indoor Air Quality in Areas of Different Exposure:An experimental study

    he present study focuses on experimental study of indoor air quality regarding PM10, PM2.5, CO, CO2, NO, NO2, SO2 in selected differently used areas. Cooking places (kitchen) at different locations using different types of cooking fuel used and living room were selected for the purpose of the measurements. For the purpose of pollutant monitoring 20 households for each having different types of kitchen using biomass fuels and LPG were selected. The indoor air quality of the living room of those households was also assessed for the purpose of comparison. The indoor environment was measured with handy portable samplers. Experimental results obtained shows that the indoor air quality of households cooking with biomass fuels is worse while the indoor air quality of the households using LPG was also found to be much above the prescribed guidelines especially in multipurpose room and in non-ventilated kitchen and on the other hand the indoor air quality of living room is little better but affected by kitchen emissions. 

  34. Risk Assessment for Indoor Air Pollution in Urban Households: A Case Study

    In India indoor air pollution is an important cause of mortality and morbidity, especially among the poor and most vulnerable populations. It increases the risk of acute respiratory infections, adverse pregnancy outcomes, prenatal mortality, asthma, otitis media, tuberculosis, cataracts, blindness, tuberculosis etc., but the ill impact of indoor air pollution is directly and more pronounced to respiratory problems and diseases. This paper seeks to identify the risk factors associated to indoor air pollution and examines the linkages between respiratory disease symptoms (cough, phlegm, breathlessness, wheezing, blood in sputum etc.) and house type (kutcha/semi pucca houses), type of fuel used (biomass/LPG) and kitchen locations (indoor kitchen with partition, indoor kitchen without partition, multipurpose room, open air) in different income households of Aligarh city. In this study 2,101 women respondents belonging to different income groups were interviewed with the help of well structured questionnaire. Data was collected regarding housing conditions, type of fuel used, place of cooking, type of exposure and occurrence of respiratory diseases. On the basis of collected information risk factors were identified and symptomatic linkages of respiratory diseases and house type, type of fuel used and kitchen locations were established. Analysis has shown that symptomatic cases of respiratory diseases were significantly higher among those living in kutcha/semi-pucca houses, using biomass fuels and cooking in a multi-purpose room.

  35. Prevalence of Asthma and Risk Factors Inside the Poor Homes in India: A Study

    Asthma is multifactorial disease influenced by both genetic and environmental factors. A rapid increase in asthma in recent years cannot be attributed to changes in heritable factors but the focus of intrusions for the increased occurrence of asthma, therefore, should be on environmental factors. Asthma is extremely low in India’s healthcare facilities especially for the poor. Poor families cannot prevent asthma because of the risk inside their homes. In present study an attempt has been made to find the prevalence of asthma among women inside low income homes. This study is based on primary sources of data collected through questionnaire interviews from 1,200 low income/poor households of Aligarh city located in the Gangetic tract of North India. Since women spend long hours inside their homes and are more involved in household activities like cooking they were chosen as respondents. The study examines the socio-economic conditions, prevalence of asthma on the basis of symptomatic and clinical reporting, identifies the risks inside the homes (establishes the association between risks like cooking conditions (use of biomass fuels/chulhas, cooking in multipurpose room, non-ventilated kitchen), substandard housing (living in kutcha/semi-pucca houses), indoor crowding) and finally monitoring of indoor air pollutants (SPM (PM10, PM2.5) and gaseous pollutants (CO, CO2, SO2, NO, NO2)). The results show that prevalence of asthma among women is greater because they spend long hours inside their home and they are more exposed to indoor air pollutants and the risks inside the homes helps in triggering asthma.

  36. Prevalence of Asthma and Risk Factors Inside the Poor Homes in India: A Study

    Although indoor air pollution from domestic fuel use in the households is estimated to be one of the main health risks worldwide but there is little knowledge of the actual exposure experienced by large populations. Available indings indicate that indoor air pollution from household cooking and space heating apparently causes considerable ill-health and the majority of households rely on solid biomass fuels (coal or biomass as wood, crop residues, and dung). Present investigation was undertaken to asses the status of indoor air quality of rural and urban households. The study revealed that the use of gas and electricity was more prevalent in urban households while mostly the rural households were found dependent on traditional biomass fuels. The analysis revealed that educational level, occupational status is directly related with the choice of type of domestic fuel. The monitoring of indoor air pollutant revealed that the concentration of pollutants were very much higher during cooking hours as compared to non-cooking hours and the concentration of pollutant emissions from biomass fuel was also very much higher compared to the emissions from LPG. Due to rigorous exposure to these indoor toxic pollutants the rural women were found suffering from instant and short term problems, respiratory infections, adverse pregnancy outcomes, eye related problems and diseases, severe ulcers/cancers etc in higher percentages as compared to urban women who were mostly found using modern fuels for cooking except for the lower income strata.

  37. Neighbourhood Disorder and its Influence on Resident's Health A Case Study of Azamgarh City
    There is a rising awareness that explanations of causes of health issues that are based on only individual's characteristics are inadequate and unable to capture important factors of diseases. Thus, there is a requirement to study not only individual's characteristics but characteristics of neighbourhoods too, in order to understand the distribution of health and diseases. Neighbourhood disorder can be illustrated by actions in public spaces such as drunk people on the streets, drug dealing, clashes and fighting, people loitering, rowdy groups and gang activity as well as street prostitution. The consistent stress related with living in a neighbourhood where threat, crime, misconduct, trouble and incivility are regular phenomenon, may damage health. Present study is an attempt to examine prevalence of neighbourhood disorder and mental health of the residents in Azamgarh city. The study is based on primary sources of data collected through questionnaire, interviews from respondents belonging to different neighbourhoods in city. Neighbourhood disorder has been measured by resident's perception of prevalence and fear of crime. The most common forms of disorder as reported by residents in city are theft, public drinking, abusing, rowdy groups and street fighting as well as street prostitution with a spatial concentration in low income neighbourhoods of inner city. Residents in these areas have reported incidence of stress and anxiety due to deteriorating environmental condition in their neighbourhood.

Papers/Chapters published and accepted in Edited Books
Papers Published and accepted in Journals
Books Published
Projects Awarded
Nature, Scope and Significance of Health Geography
Development and Trends in Medical/Health Geography
Physiography and Drainage of India
Climate of India
Natural Vegetation and soil of India