Prof Sultana N. Nahar studies various atomic processes in astrophysical plasmas and is a member of the international collaboration of the Opacity Project and the Iron Project. For her extensive work on iron ions, she is call the Iron Lady by astronomers. She maintains a database NORAD-Atomic-Data at the Ohio State University. She received her B.Sc.Hons and M.Sc. in Physics from University of Dhaka, Bangladesh standing 1st Class 1st in both and received Salekunnesa award for the best female student in B.Sc. under Dhaka University. She received M.A. in quantum optics and Ph.D. in atomic theory from Wayne State University in the USA and received Thomas Rumble Fellowship, Knoller Fellowship, D. Gustafson Best Graduate Student Teaching award. Later she received Headliner Award for applications of astronomy to cancer research and Distinguished Alumni Award from Wayne State. She is a Research Professor at the Ohio State University, recipient of Outstanding Research Mentor Award, Co-Director of the OSU Faculty training STEM Education and Research program under Obama-Singh award in partnership with AMU, and co-author of the graduate textbook "Atomic Astrophysics and Spectroscopy" (Cambridge U press) used in the USA, Europe, China etc.
She promotes science education and research and has established programs in Bangladesh, Egypt, India, Palestine, and USA. She is a fellow of American Physical Society (APS), Woman Physicist of Month of APS, and winner of John Wheatley award of APS. She is a receipient of various national and international awards.