30-MAR-2019: AMU Prof delivers keynote address in Dezful, Iran
Aligarh, March 30: "Centres of higher learning have been around for millennia, the 1800-year-old, Gundi-Shapur Academy in the southern Iranian city of Dezful, declared by 'The Cambridge History of Iran' as the most important medical centre during the 6th and 7th centuries is a fabled institution, which left a great impact on the development of a wide tapestry of disciplines," said Prof Syed Ziaur Rahman, Department of Pharmacology, J N Medical College (JNMC), Aligarh Muslim University (AMU), while delivering the keynote address on historical and cultural aspects of the Gundi-Shapur Academy during the 2nd International Congress on Gundi-Shapur at Jundi-Shapur University of Technology, Dezful, Iran.
He described Gundi-Shapur Academy as centre of medical synthesis and innovation in 3rd century AD circa where rapid progress in the field of medical science took place.
Gundi-Shahpur Academy was home to a teaching hospital and also comprised a library and a centre of higher learning, said Prof Ziaur Rahman.
He discussed the Indian influence on medical science in Gundi-Shapur and the journey of medicine from 'Tibb-i-Unani' and 'Tibb-i-Hindu' to 'Ilm-i-Tibb.'
"The physicians at Gundi-Shapur worked on their own discoveries and scientific methods of other civilisations. There were translations from Greek to Aramaic to Syriac and from Sanskrit to Pahlavi at Gundi-Shapur," pointed Prof Ziaur Rahman adding that the Sanskrit medical text 'Charaka Samhita' was translated into Arabic from a Pahlavi intermediate text in ninth century.
"Similarly, the Ibn Sina Academy in Aligarh is becoming a centre of learning with translations of works from various civilizations into Urdu and Hindi," he said.
Prof Ziaur Rahman reflected upon the fact that the Persian emperor Shapur II invited an Indian physician to treat him in Ahwaz, who stayed back in Susa (Shush) to introduce the local population to Indian system of medicine.
He said that Gundi-Shahpur included a medical school and a centre for training scientists for centuries to come. "Iranian, Greek, Indian and Roman scientists conducted studies and scientific research there," said Prof Ziaur Rahman.
Participants from Italy, France, Armenia, India and other countries attended the congress.
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